Solar System & Battery Monitors

Not monitoring your Solar Panel system installation is like driving a vehicle without meters on the dashboard. Imagine you have a vehicle which does not display the status of the Fuel /speed of vehicle RPM? I bet you cannot imagine that?  That would be same to not have some sort of Visual display of what is the status & performance of your Solar system would be

Solar Monitor Display Information

Generally a very comprehensive solar Monitor system is very expensive and can hardly be justified on the cost of a small solar system. As a result, solar Monitor systems often get left behind. On Bigger systems the % cost of a solar Monitor system becomes more reasonable.

Many systems small and Large come with some form of LCD display of at least part of the components. Ie a display on the MPPT solar regulator could indicate the charging current and the power harvesting of the day.  Power Inverters are usually on fitted with LED display which on display the minimum power Inverter status.

Solar Deep Cycle  Batteries do not come with any fuel status indicators as a standard.

Grid Tie inverters usually come with a small LCD display which also display the bear essential information

Different suppliers and product lines do offer various forms of Display or method of presenting the system status,



MONITORING YOUR BATTERY

BMV700 Battery Monitor in line with a Solar Deep Cycle battery

Solar Deep Cycle Batteries are your energy storage Tank – Your Fuel tank, it is there for the most important item to have knowledge off.  A normal LED battery status display is on no way an accurate representation of your battery status.  To accurately monitor your battery status is a technological advanced process and even the most modern battery monitoring systems has a level of error. Over the lifetime of the battery the characteristics of the battery change, due to age. Further to this a solar Deep Cycle battery characteristics also vary with temperature.


BMV 700 Deep Cycle Battery MonitorFigure 1 -  BMV700 BATTERY MONITOR

 The Victron  BMV 600 & 700 series deep cycle battery monitor units measure current which goes in and out of the battery, It adapts partially to the battery age and status and also offer battery temperature accuracy compensation. Further it offers an Voltage free relay output which can be programmed for various battery status related functions. The Unit is fitted with a small LCD display, which by means of a scroll menu display all the information. The unit can be linked to victron website via the GSM Global remote or the GX Color Monitor unit





Global GSM Remote monitor

Victron GSM Global RemoteFigure 2 Victron GSM Global Remote

The Victron Global remote can be connected to the Victron Inverter range as well as the BMV700 Battery Monitor. This information can be linked to a website which monitor and record data in real time. This allows you to monitor your systems performance over days. The GSM remote also offer facility to reprogram power inverter systems remotely






BMV 700 Deep Cycle battery monitor Website Data DisplayFig 3 BMV 700 Data as displayed on Website

Fig 3 is a typical website display of the output of the BMV700 battery monitor









The Color GX Monitor

Victron GX Color Monitor Display unit

Figure 4 Color GX system Display and Monitor


The GX Monitor can link up with all the systems within a Solar Power system of which the other critical components are also Victron. It connects as follows





The unit further records and store data up to 60 Days long and transfer information as local display or transfer same to the Victron Website. The unit offer various display screens  for local viewing

Vctron Color GX rear Panel connection PointsFigure 5 Color GX rear Panel connections

The picture shows the various connections to the GX color monitor , which has input allowance for the Inverters, Solar regulators, battery monitor  and allow internet connection either via WIFI or Lan connection







FiVictron Color GX Screen Display 1gure 6 Typical GX Monitor Display

This is a typical compact information display at any moment reflecting the status of power to or from the Grid, Power output from the inverter to the AC load, the Battery status, power drawn or supplied to the battery at the moment and also energy harvested from the Sun





Victron Color GX Screen Display 2Figure 7 Further GX Monitor Display

Information above is another screen option for a 3 Phase system, in which power of each phase is presented as well as the PV and solar battery status







Victron Website information Display

The information presented on the Victron website is very informative can be viewed at https://vrm.victronenergy.com/  link the view Demo to enjoy. With the courtesy of Victron Energy, I will explain some of the valuable information which can be monitored below.  Please do note that all the information is not always available on all the systems, as it really depends on what products you do have, how they are configured and set up.

As a general rule we try to monitor all our clients systems, with the facility of remote programmability I can reconfigure systems remotely in order to optimize performance or to reprogram battery protection levels.  The remote reprogramming facility is however also limited.

Herewith some information presented

Victron Website Display feedback from a Solar SolutionFigure 8  The system connectivity- displaying yield from Solar & Grid Power

This graph is a short synopsis of the current status  of which power is generated from the Solar  panel and what power is either drawn or delivered to the grid








Figure 9 a Short summary of the Total yield, battery status and Temperature

This graph also present a real time information of the total accumulated power generated by the PV system, current battery status , Consuption and the temperature in the area





victron-website-data-display02




Figure 10 AC output Power of the Inverter

This Graph is a recording of the output power of the inverter. This is very important information as it allows the designer to adapt setting, also possibly reconfigure the system or advice client to increase the system size



victron-website-data-display03Figure 11 Battery state of Charge

This SOC (State of Charge ) of the battery  indicates also the usage of the battery, note the lowest level is at 60%, a level which you preferably do not want to go lower than. This system is set to cycle around 60%




victron-website-data-display04

Figure 12  Battery State of Charge over time

This graph, is a recording of the battery SAC, over time, we can go back 2 months and view the total cycle of the battery over a period. This is very important information. SOC is calculated by adding and subtracting in real time all the Current (A) which goes in and out of the battery at any time and make a calculated conclusion on the value of same


victron-website-data-display05Figure 13 Battery Voltage and Current

A recording of the physical variation is Battery voltage in current. The SOC graph does not display the real time dynamics, this graph give us that information. The Orange is the current; one can clearly see the voltage variations due to current peaks drawn from the battery. Designers can now view the graph and on these performances can decide if the voltage drop is acceptable, should batteries be increased…This is a good representation of the clients use and information in order to adapt the system to the performance required.


victron-website-data-display05Figure 14 System Warnings presented

This real time recording of the warning and alarms  (Note the orange dots) , when it is an alarm it will be RED, in this case it is a orange WARNING alarm, warning us that the system is close to going into overload. We note various different kind of alarm can be set, Power, Battery Voltage and temperature


victron-website-data-display06Figure 15 Usage of the Harvested energy

This more a “nice to have” graph, which tells us, what percentage of the harvested energy were directly used and what percentage went in battery charging






victron-website-data-display07Figure 16 Solar yield over time

A real time recording of the Solar Yield, this graph would usually be directly representative of the CLOUD movements in the area as well, we can also see if the system get fully charged and not using the harvested power- or if we are losing energy



victron-website-data-display08Figure 17  VEBUS status

The VEBUS status is the status of the inverter recorded over time, here we can see, when the inverter were in Inverter mode, when it simply transfer power or when is actually charge the batteries as well as the mode of charge, Battery and Inverter overload  status is also displayed



victron-website-data-display09Figure 18 MPPT status

The last graph of discussion is the state of the MPPT solar regulator; we can herewith also note the battery state and the state of the system. Note in the Night it is off, we start to get power transfer around 7AM. Around 10AM we reach an Absorption phase




Plan My Power - photovoltaic panel retailers as well as a retailer for all the solar power system components: solar panels, solar regulators, solar batteries, power inverters. We also do installations. Contact us on Tel :+27 11 678 5101 & 0878028479

 or E-mail: [email protected]

Copyright © : Planmypower,  Dr Gawie van der Merwe



Model

Voltage Range

Voltage & Current

Specsheet

BMV 700

6V-95V

20A.h-2999 A.h

specsheet BMV700

Model

Specsheet

Global GSM Remote

Specsheet Global remote.pdf

Description

Specsheet

Color GX Monitior

Specsheet GX Monitor .pdf

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[email protected]


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